Tennessee Underground Injection Wells regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Tennessee Underground Injection Wells: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Underground injection wells: Rules and Regulations of the State of Tennessee (Rule) 0400-45-06-.01 to 0400-45-06-.19

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Class I wells: Rule 0400-45-06-.10

Class V wells: Rule 0400-45-06-.14

Drinking water contamination: Rule 0400-45-06-.04

Hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs): Rule 0400-12-01-.07

Regulatory Agencies

Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) Division of Water Resources Ground Water Management Section

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Tennessee has received primacy from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to administer the Tennessee Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program for all wells located within the state. The EPA administers the federal UIC program for Class VI wells located in the state and all wells located on Indian lands. The state has adopted the federal permit-by-rule option for underground injection wells, which is described in the national section UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS. However, in addition, owners and operators of underground injection wells in Tennessee are responsible for complying with several state hazardous waste management rules.

The operation of a single-family domestic waste disposal system requires a construction permit from the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) but does not require an UIC permit. The operation of facilities injecting natural gas for the purpose of storage requires an EPA Class II injection well permit. The EPA and Tennessee classify well injections as Class I ...

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