Virginia Underground Injection Wells regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Virginia Underground Injection Wells: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Prohibition of underground injection wells for hazardous waste disposal: 9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC) 20-50-40, 9 VAC 20-60-264, and 9 VAC 20-60-265

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Virginia Pollution Abatement permits: 9 VAC 25-32-40

Regulatory Agency

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3

See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.

See national section for basic information and federal regulations.

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Rules. Unlike the federal rules, the underground injection of hazardous waste for treatment, storage, or disposal is prohibited throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Many other states do allow underground injection wells to be used for hazardous waste disposal. Always determine whether a particular state allows disposal by underground injection before shipping waste off-site for disposal.

Administration and enforcement. DEQ administers and enforces the disposal prohibition in Virginia. EPA Region 3 administers the Class II underground injection control programs in the state.


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