Governing Law and Regulations
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) Division of Water and Waste Management Office of Water Resources
DEP Division of Mining and Reclamation Office of Oil and Gas
See ADDRESSES & CONTACTS for addresses and telephone numbers.
See national section for basic information and federal regulations.
Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. West Virginia has received Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) authorization to administer the UIC program in the state. In West Virginia, owners and operators of injection wells do not have to apply for a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous waste permit for Class I wells; they only need to obtain an underground injection permit from DEP. Owners and operators of injection wells in West Virginia are required to pay various state fees.
• Administration and enforcement. DEP's Office of Water Resources is responsible for permitting and enforcing the rules related to Class I and Class V underground injection wells, which include agricultural drainage wells, improved sinkholes, industrial disposal wells, stormwater wells, coal mine backfill injection, and septic systems that have the capacity to serve 20 or more people. DEP's Office of Oil and Gas administers and enforces the Class II and Class III well rules and permits for these wells.