Wetlands regulations & environmental compliance analysis

Wetlands: What you need to know

Governing Law and Regulations

Clean Water Act (CWA), 33 USC 1251 to 1387

For a Limited Time receive a FREE EHS Report "Recordkeeping for EHS Managers." This special report contains a recordkeeping checklist to help you keep track of your records for major environmental laws and OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard. Download Now

Regulatory coordination:

Corps enforcement: 33 CFR 326.1 to 326.6

EPA assistance: 40 CFR 225.1 to 233.71

State roles: 33 USC 1341


Wetlands: 40 CFR 328.3

Waters of the United States: 33 CFR 328.3 and 40 CFR 230.3

Navigable waters: 33 CFR 329.4

Changes in limits of waters of the United States: 33 CFR 328.5

Discharge of dredged material: 40 CFR 232.2 and 33 CFR 323.2

Jurisdiction: 33 CFR 329.1 to 329.16

Section 404 permit exceptions: 40 CFR 232.3

Jurisdictional determinations: 33 CFR 331.2

Permit process:

Preapplication consultations: 33 CFR 325.1(b)

Permit applications: 33 CFR 325.1(c) and 33 CFR 325.1(d)

Fees: 33 CFR 325.1(f)

Individual permits: 33 CFR 325.5(b)

Letter of permission: 33 CFR 325.2(e)(1) and 33 CFR 325.5(b)(2)

General permits:

Nationwide permit (NWP) applications: 33 CFR 330.1 to 330.6

Regional general permits: 33 CFR 325.5(c)(1) and 33 CFR 325.2(e)(2)

Programmatic general permits: 33 CFR 325.5(c)(3)

Compensatory mitigation: 33 CFR 332.1 to 332.8

Choice of compensatory mitigation method: 33 CFR 332.3(b)

Local wetlands protection: 33 USC 1251(g)

State wetlands laws: 33 USC 1344(g)

Takings and Constitutional rights: U.S. Constitution, 5th and 14th Amendments

Regulatory Agencies

U.S. Department of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)

Overview of Wetlands Regulation

The regulation of wetlands in the United States involves a variety of regulatory schemes, including the Section 404 regulation for the discharge of dredged or fill material into waters of the United States under the Clean Water Act (CWA). In general, activities, including ...

Read more about Wetlands