Same-sex marriages in Alabama became lawful on February 9, 2015, after a federal district court ruled that Alabama’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional (Searcy v. Strange, 81 F. Supp. 3d 1285 (S.D. Ala. 2015)). The 11th Circuit Court of Appeals denied the state’s request to delay same-sex marriage in Alabama pending appeal.
The U.S. Supreme Court subsequently issued a decision in June 2015 legalizing same-sex marriage in all states and requiring all states to recognize same-sex marriages legally performed in other jurisdictions (Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S.Ct. 2584 (2015)).
Reciprocity. Same-sex and opposite-sex marriages legally performed in other jurisdictions are recognized as legal marriages in Alabama.
Effective January 1, 2017, Alabama no longer permits a couple to enter into a common-law marriage (HB332). Common-law marriages established before that date remain legally recognized marriages.