Michigan Jury Duty/ Court Appearance laws & HR compliance analysis

Michigan Jury Duty/ Court Appearance: What you need to know

Jury duty. Michigan law prohibits employers from disciplining, discharging, or threatening an employee who is summoned for or serves on jury duty.
Also, employers may not require employees to work on a day they have jury duty if the number of hours “exceeds the number of hours normally and customarily worked by the person” on that day. However, employees may voluntarily agree to do this (MI Stat. Sec. 600.1348).
Employers that violate this provision commit a misdemeanor and may be punished for contempt of court.
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Court appearance. Michigan law prohibits employers from disciplining, discharging, or threatening any employee who is subpoenaed and required to appear in court as a victim of a crime or who attends court as a victim representative.
Employers that violate this provision commit a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for up to 90 days and/or a fine and may be punished for contempt of court (MI Stat. Sec. 780.762).
Private employers. State law does not require private employers to pay employees for absences caused by jury duty or court appearances.
Best practices. Regardless of state law requirements, most employers do pay all employees called to jury duty or court appearances.
The prevailing attitude among employers is that an employee summoned to serve on a jury or to testify has a civic obligation and that it is the company's responsibility to support the fulfillment of that obligation. This is achieved by protecting the employee from loss of income and by making the necessary arrangements to cover for him or her during the required absence.
This is not to say that problems won't arise when an individual is kept out of work for weeks at a time or when an employee in a position of crucial ...

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