Missouri Jury Duty/ Court Appearance laws & HR compliance analysis

Missouri Jury Duty/ Court Appearance: What you need to know

Jury duty. Missouri law prohibits an employer from discharging, threatening, disciplining, or otherwise taking adverse action against an employee because he or she takes time off to serve on jury duty (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 494.455).
A discharged employee can sue for reinstatement, lost wages, and other damages, as well as attorneys' fees (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 494.460).
Additionally, Missouri law prevents an employer from requiring that an employee take vacation, sick leave, or other paid time off to respond to a jury summons, participate in the jury selection process, or serve on a jury (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 494.460).
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Court appearance. An employer may not discharge or discipline any witness, victim, or member of a victim's immediate family for honoring a subpoena to testify in a criminal proceeding, attending a criminal proceeding, or participating in the preparation of a criminal proceeding (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 595.209).
In addition, an employer may not require any witness, victim, or member of a victim's immediate family who is absent from work for these reasons to use vacation time, personal time, or sick leave.
No leave requirement. Missouri law does not require that employers provide annual, vacation, personal, or sick leave to employees on jury duty or absent for a court appearance who are not entitled to such benefits under company policy (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 494.460).
Deferral of service. Employers with five or fewer full-time employees may request postponement of service of one employee if another employee is summoned or is serving on a jury during the same period.
Private employers. State law does not require private employers to pay employees for absences caused by jury duty or court appearances.
Public employers.

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