Missouri Jury Duty/ Court Appearance laws & HR compliance analysis

Missouri Jury Duty/ Court Appearance: What you need to know

An employer cannot require an employee to take vacation, personal, or sick leave in order to serve on a jury (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 494.460),
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Jury duty. Missouri law prohibits an employer from discharging, threatening, disciplining, or otherwise taking adverse action against an employee because he or she takes time off to serve on jury duty (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 494.455).
A discharged employee can sue for reinstatement, lost wages, and other damages, as well as attorneys' fees (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 494.460).
Court appearance. An employer may not discharge or discipline any witness, victim, or member of a victim's immediate family for honoring a subpoena to testify in a criminal proceeding, attending a criminal proceeding, or participating in the preparation of a criminal proceeding (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 595.209).
Private employers. State law does not require private employers to pay employees for absences caused by jury duty or court appearances. Although not required to do so, many employers do pay all employees called to jury duty or court appearances, regardless of exempt or nonexempt status. (See Federal Law Considerations for Exempt Employees in this section for details.)
Missouri law prevents an employer from requiring that an employee take vacation, sick leave, or other paid time off to respond to a jury summons, participate in the jury selection process, or serve on a jury.
In addition, an employer may not require any witness, victim, or member of a victim's immediate family who is absent from work for these reasons to use vacation time, personal time, or sick leave.
However, Missouri law does not require that employers provide annual, vacation, personal, or sick leave to employees ...

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