Pennsylvania Jury Duty/ Court Appearance laws & HR compliance analysis

Pennsylvania Jury Duty/ Court Appearance: What you need to know

Jury duty. An employer may not discharge, penalize (through loss of seniority or benefits), or threaten an employee who is called to serve as a juror.
The law does not cover retail or service industry employers with fewer than 15 employees or employers in the manufacturing industry with fewer than 40 employees. An employee who works for an employer that is not covered by the law may ask the court to excuse him or her from jury duty.
If an employer that is covered by the law violates these provisions, the employee may sue for reinstatement, back pay and benefits, damages, and attorney's fees (PA Stat. Tit. 42 Sec. 4563).
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Court appearance. An employer may not discharge, penalize (through loss of seniority or benefits), or threaten to discharge or penalize an employee who must attend court as a witness to, or as a victim of, a crime, or who is a member of such a victim's family and takes leave to be a witness. An employer that violates this provision may be sued for reinstatement, lost wages and benefits, damages, and attorney's fees (PA Stat. Tit. 18 Sec. 4957).
Jurors are paid a per diem fee, which increases if the juror serves longer than 3 days. Jurors receive mileage reimbursement calculated by ZIP code.
Pennsylvania state law does not require employers to pay employees for absences due to jury duty or court appearance.
Although not required to do so, many employers do pay all employees called to jury duty or court appearances, regardless of exempt or nonexempt status. Some courts pay jurors a small fee, and the employer may offset any amounts received by an employee for a particular week against the salary due for that particular week.
Although state ...

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