Jury duty. Under Virginia law, an employer may not discharge or take any other adverse job action against an employee who is called to jury duty. Employees cannot be required to use vacation or sick leave time during their absence (VA Code Sec. 18.2-465.1).
In addition, an employer may not require an employee who spends 4 or more hours in 1 day (including travel time) on jury duty to report to work on or after 5:00 p.m. on the day of the appearance or before 3:00 a.m. on the following day.
Employees are expected to give employers reasonable notice of a jury summons.
Business/occupational exemptions. Virginia law exempts most state officials, judges and magistrates, practicing attorneys, and members of police forces and jail officers from serving on juries.
There are also other exemptions, including for those performing essential services to a business, commercial, or agricultural enterprise. Requests must be in writing and received 5 days of receipt of the summons (VA Code Sec. 801-341.1).
Contact the county of residence of the prospective juror for more information.
Court appearance. Any person who is summoned or subpoenaed to appear in a court of law as a crime victim or witness has the same protection as a person summoned to jury duty.
He or she may not be discharged or have any other employment action taken against him or her or be forced to take vacation or sick leave for the appearance (VA Code Sec. §19.2-11.01).
Crime victims. An employer must grant time off to any employee who is a victim of a crime to be present at any criminal proceedings related to the crime.
An employee who takes time off for such a purpose must provide the employer with a copy of the form, provided by the law enforcement agency, ...