District of Columbia Leave of Absence (FMLA) laws & HR compliance analysis

District of Columbia Leave of Absence (FMLA): What you need to know

In addition to the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA),some states have their own comprehensive family leave laws that may also require employers to grant employees time off for the birth or adoption of a child or to care for a family member with a serious illness.
The District of Columbia has such a law.
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The District of Columbia offers family and medical leave protections to public and private employers under its own Family and Medical Leave Act (D.C. FMLA) (DC Code Sec. 32-501et seq.).
In 2020, the District will also offer paid leave benefits under the Universal Paid Leave Amendment Act, which is discussed in detail below.
Employers covered. The Act covers employers with 20 or more employees in the District.
Eligible employees. Under the Act, an individual who has been employed by the same employer for 1 year without a break in service except for regular holiday, sick, or personal leave granted by the employer and has worked for at least 1,000 hours during the 12-month period before the request for the leave is eligible for a family and medical leave.
Qualifying leave events. Family leave is available to an eligible employee for:
• The birth of a child
• The placement of a child with the employee for adoption or foster care
• The placement of a child with the employee for whom the employee permanently assumes and discharges parental responsibility
• The care of the employee's family member who has a serious health condition
In addition, medical leave is available to an eligible employee when the employee becomes unable to perform the functions of his or her position because of a serious health condition.
Covered relations. Family member means:
• A person to whom the ...

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