Alabama Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Alabama Child Labor: What you need to know

In Alabama, people under the age of 18 are considered minors for purposes of the child labor law. The provisions of the child labor law distinguish among minors according to age, type of occupation, and hours of work (AL Code Sec. 25-8-32 et seq.). Because the law is complex and extensive, employers wishing to employ minors during hours or in occupations that may be questionable should consult the state Department of Labor.
Both federal and state law applies to child labor--and if there is a conflict, the more protective standard applies. Both the state and federal child labor laws are strictly enforced.
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Individuals under the age of 21 may not serve alcoholic beverages for consumption on the employer's premises. Individuals 18 or older may wait table but may not serve alcoholic beverages (AL Code Sec. 25-8-44).
Prohibitions. Minors under the age of 18 may not be employed in the following occupations (AL Code Sec. 25-8-43):
• In or around mines, quarries, coke breakers, or coke ovens
• Operating or assisting with any open freight elevators, cranes, or other power-driven hoisting apparatus except for automatic passenger elevators
• Operating any paper cutting, stapling, corrugating, or punching machine
• Assembling, adjusting, cleaning, or servicing machinery in motion
• In wrecking, demolition, or ship-breaking work
• Operating a truck or heavy equipment
• Logging or work in a sawmill, lath mill, shingle or cooperage mill
• Operating or working with power-driven machinery
• Performing railroad work
• Working as firefighters
• Operating power-driven saws, band saws, or shears
• Working in a distillery or where alcohol is manufactured, ...

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