Arizona Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Arizona Child Labor: What you need to know

In Arizona, workers under the age of 16 are considered minors for purposes of employment. State law limits the occupations in which they may be employed and the number of hours they may work. Further distinctions are made among minors according to age, with special rules and exceptions in some groups (AZ Rev. Stat. Sec. 23-230 et seq.). Because child labor law is complex, specific, and extensive, employers should consult the state Department of Labor before employing minors in uncommon occupations or during unusual hours. Also, both federal and state child labor laws apply to most employers. If the state and federal provisions conflict, the more restrictive provision applies, and child labor laws are strictly enforced.
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These laws do not apply to:
• Individuals under the age of 18 employed by relatives in a business (except for manufacturing or mining) where the relative is actively engaged in daily business operations and owns at least 10 percent of the business; subject to the same ownership and daily operation requirements, relatives whose business is manufacturing or mining may employ relatives who are at least 16 years of age
• Theatrical performances, with proper notice to the Labor Department of the Arizona Industrial Commission
• Work performed as part of career education program, vocational or technical training program, or federally approved apprenticeship program
• Work performed by a minor who is married or who has a high school diploma or the equivalent
• The operation of power-driven equipment used in lawn care and maintenance, not connected to retail, food service, and gasoline service establishments
• Clerical employment in an office in which duties are performed without exposure to work deemed ...

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