Colorado Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Colorado Child Labor: What you need to know

In Colorado, workers under the age of 18 are considered minors for the purposes of employment. State law limits the occupations in which they may be employed and the number of hours they may work. Further distinctions are made among minors according to age, with special rules and exceptions in some groups (CO Rev. Stat. Sec. 8-12-101et seq.). Because child labor law is complex, specific, and extensive, employers should consult the state Department of Labor before employing minors in uncommon occupations or during unusual hours.
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Both federal and state child labor laws apply to most employers. If the provisions of the laws conflict, the more restrictive law applies, and child labor laws are strictly enforced. A comprehensive discussion of the federal child labor laws is available.
The law does not apply to actors, models, or performers, to schoolwork and supervised educational activities, home chores, work done for a parent or guardian (unless the parent or guardian receives pay for the minor's work), to newspaper carriers, or to anyone with either a high school diploma or its equivalent.
Exemptions. Any employer, minor, minor's parent or guardian, school official, or youth employment specialist may request an exemption from a provision of this article. The director of the Division of Labor may grant an exemption from the provisions of the child labor laws if granting such an exemption is in the best interests of the minor involved.
Minors under 21. Minors under 21 may not be employed selling or dispensing liquor, checking identification cards, or making deliveries beyond customary parking areas of retail outlets. Minors must be at least 18 to work in an establishment that ...

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