In Kentucky, workers under the age of 18 are considered minors for purposes of employment. State law requires them to have employment certificates and limits the occupations in which they may be employed and the number of hours they may work. Further distinctions are made among minors according to age, with special rules and exceptions in some groups (KY Rev. Stat. Sec. 339.220et seq.; KY Admin. Reg. Tit. 803 Sec. 1:100 et seq.). The laws apply to minors between the ages of 14 and 18 who are enrolled in public, private, or home schools. It also applies to minors who are not enrolled in school but have not earned enough credits to graduate.
Both federal and state child labor laws apply to most employers. If the laws conflict, the more restrictive provisions apply--and child labor laws are strictly enforced.Because child labor laws are complex, specific, and extensive, employers should consult the Kentucky Department of Labor before employing minors in uncommon occupations or during unusual hours.
Kentucky child labor laws do not apply to minors performing farm work; doing domestic service in private homes; delivering newspapers on regularly scheduled routes; or performing in motion picture, theatrical, television, and radio productions. The laws permit a minor to work for his or her parent in an occupation other than manufacturing, mining, or one determined by the Commissioner of the Department of Workplace Standards to be hazardous.