Maryland Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Maryland Child Labor: What you need to know

In Maryland, workers under the age of 18 are considered minors for purposes of employment. The provisions of the child labor law distinguish among minors according to age, type of occupation, day and nighttime work, and number of hours worked, as well as limit the occupations in which minors may be employed and the number of hours they may work (MD Code Sec. 3-201et seq.). Because the law is complex and very extensive, employers wishing to employ minors in occupations that they consider the least questionable should consult the Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation. In addition, employers should keep in mind that in most cases, both federal and state laws apply to child labor. If the laws differ, the more restrictive law applies. These laws are very strictly enforced. There is a comprehensive discussion of the federal child labor laws.
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Maryland's child labor law does not apply if an activity:
• Is performed outside school hours;
• Does not involve manufacturing or mining;
• Is not hazardous; and
• Is limited to farm work, domestic work in a home, wreath-making in a home, caddying, teaching on an instructional sailboat, newspaper delivery, counselor at a youth camp under the Maryland Youth Camp Act, or work done for a parent or guardian.
There is also an exception for volunteer work for a nonprofit organization (with parental consent) and for hazardous work in a volunteer fire department if the minor is at least 16 and has completed or is taking firefighting or rescue training.
Minors under 18. Employees under the age of 18 may not be employed in work involving:
• Blast furnaces
• Distilleries where alcoholic beverages are manufactured, bottled, wrapped, or packed
• Railroads; or docks or wharves other than marinas for pleasure boats

Read more about Child Labor