Michigan Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Michigan Child Labor: What you need to know

In Michigan, workers under the age of 18 are considered minors for purposes of employment. State law limits the occupations in which they may be employed and the number of hours they may work. Further distinctions are made among minors according to age, with special rules and exceptions in some groups (MI Comp. Laws Sec. 409.101 et seq.).
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Because child labor law is complex, specific, and extensive, employers should consult the state Department of Education before employing minors in uncommon occupations or during unusual hours.
Both state and federal child labor laws apply to most employers. If the laws conflict, employers must comply with the more restrictive provision--and child labor laws are strictly enforced. .
Michigan child labor law does not apply to:
• Domestic work in a private residence
• Newspaper, magazine, political, or advertising distribution or selling
• Shoe shining
• Activities as a member of a youth-oriented organization involved in character building, if not intended to replace paid workers
• Work in a parent-owned and operated business
• Farm work not violating a Department of Labor standard
• Work for a school in which a student at least 14 years old is enrolled
• Nonhazardous construction work for a charitable housing organization performed as an unpaid volunteer, if there is adult supervision
• Work of an emancipated minor, defined as a worker who is 16 years of age or older that has completed high school
• Work of a 17 years old who has passed the general education development (GED) test
• Students 14 years of age or older working under a work-study contract between an employer and a school district that provides supervision
Michigan's child labor laws do not ...

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