Missouri Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Missouri Child Labor: What you need to know

In Missouri, people under the age of 16 are considered minors for purposes of employment. Missouri child labor law distinguishes among minors according to age, type of occupation, and hours of work (MO Rev. Stat. Sec. 294.011et seq.). Most employers are subject to both federal and state child labor laws. If there is a conflict in provisions, the stricter law applies, and child labor laws are strictly enforced.
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A comprehensive discussion of the federal child labor laws is available.
Selling or serving alcohol. Individuals under the age of 21 may not be employed to sell intoxicating beverages or tend bar. However, a licensed business may employ persons at least 18 years of age to stock, arrange displays, operate the cash register, and bag intoxicating liquor or nonintoxicating beer. Employees under the age of 21 may neither deliver intoxicating liquor nor take nonintoxicating beer away from the licensed premises. Also, individuals who are 18 years of age or older, when acting in the capacity of waiter or waitress, may serve intoxicating liquor, or nonintoxicating beer in places of business that sell food for consumption on the premises if at least 50 percent of all sales consists of food. Employers that do not have at least 50 percent of the gross sales consisting of nonalcoholic sales must have an employee 21 years of age or older on the licensed premises during all hours of operation if a person under the age of 21 is employed.
Nightclubs. Individuals under the age of 21 may not be employed in an adult cabaret, nightclub, or similar establishment.
Prohibitions. The only work limitations for individuals between the ages of 16 ...

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