Montana Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Montana Child Labor: What you need to know

In Montana, people who have not reached age 18 are considered minors for purposes of employment and the state Child Labor Standards Act (MT Code Sec. 41-2-102et seq.) places limitations upon the types of work they may do and on the hours in which they may do it. A person who has graduated from high school, or has a general education degree (GED), or is 16 years of age and enrolled in a registered state or federal apprenticeship program is not considered a minor under the child labor statutes.
Generally, both state and federal child labor laws will apply to most employers. Employers must comply with the requirements of the more restrictive law or regulation.
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Under age 18. Children who have not reached the age of 18 may not be employed in hazardous occupations, including, but not limited to: working in workplaces where explosives are manufactured or at logging or sawmill operations. They may not operate power-driven woodworking or paper production machinery; in mining, slaughtering, or meat processing, meat-packing, or rending. They may not operate power saws; power-driven bakery machines' manufacture of brick, tile, or similar products; coal-mining, wrecking, demolition, excavating, or roofing; as operators of power-driven hoisting apparatus; or anyplace where radioactive exposure is possible. These prohibitions do not apply to the employment of student-learners, apprentices, or work-training students, so long as specific requirements are followed. They may not ride outside a motor vehicle to assist in transporting or delivering goods. They may not work as bartenders, waiters, or waitresses serving alcohol.
Under age 16. Children aged 14 or 15 are restricted from performing many types of ...

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