Texas Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Texas Child Labor: What you need to know

In Texas, workers under the age of 18 are considered minors (“children”) for purposes of employment. State law limits the occupations in which they may be employed and the number of hours they may work. Further distinctions are made among minors according to age, with special rules and exceptions in some groups.
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Both state and federal child labor laws apply to most employers, and federal standards will always apply if the employer is engaged in interstate commerce. Employers must comply with the provisions of the more restrictive law.
Child labor laws are vigorously enforced. Because these laws are complex, specific, and extensive, employers should consult the state Department of Labor/Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) before employing minors in uncommon occupations or during unusual hours (TX Labor Code Sec. 51.001et seq. and 40 TX Admin. Code Sec. 817.1et seq.).
There is additional information and a comprehensive discussion of the federal child labor laws..
A hazardous occupation is one that has been declared hazardous under the federal child labor law or an occupation that the Texas Employment Commission has declared to be particularly hazardous.
Minors under the age of 18. The prohibitions for children ages 14 through 17 are the same for both federal and state law. No person under the age of 18 may be employed in any occupation considered to be hazardous. This includes work with most power-driven machinery, although exceptions are made for minors employed in apprenticeship training programs. The prohibitions include:
• Occupations where explosives are manufactured, mixed, or stored
• Occupations involving exposure to radioactive substances and ionizing radiation
• Coal mining, milling, ...

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