Vermont Child Labor laws & HR compliance analysis

Vermont Child Labor: What you need to know

In Vermont, people who have not reached the age of 18 are considered minors for purposes of child labor. Vermont law restricts the occupations in which minors may be employed and the number of hours and times of day they may work. Further distinctions are made among minors according to age, with special rules and exemptions in some groups (21 VT Stat. Sec. 431et seq.). Both federal and state child labor laws apply to most employers. If the laws conflict, the more restrictive provisions apply--and child labor laws are strictly enforced.
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There is additional information and a comprehensive discussion of the federal child labor laws..
Exceptions. Minors employed by their parents or guardians in nonhazardous work are not subject to child labor laws. Also, the Commissioner of Labor and Industry may suspend all of these provisions for up to 2 months per year to permit employment involving materials or products that are perishable and require immediate labor to prevent decay or damage.
Minors under 18 years. The state has adopted, by reference, the federal child labor law restricting occupations for 16 year olds in any of the following occupations banned by federal law as hazardous:
• Manufacturing and storing explosives
• Motor vehicle driving and outside helper
• Coal mining
• Logging and saw mill operations
• Power-driven woodworking machines
• Exposure to radioactive substances
• Power-driven hoisting apparatus
• Power-driven metal-forming, punching, and shearing machines
• Mining, other than coal mining
• Slaughtering, or meat packing, processing, or rendering
• Power-driven bakery machines
• Power-driven paper-products machines
• · Manufacturing brick, tile, and kindred products
• Power-driven ...

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