District of Columbia Overtime laws & HR compliance analysis

District of Columbia Overtime: What you need to know

Under the District of Columbia's overtime law, an employer must pay each employee overtime in the amount of 11/2 times the employee's regular rate for hours worked in excess of 40 in a workweek (DC Stat. Sec. 32-1003). Because this rate is the same as that prescribed by the federal law, the net effect of District of Columbia law is to extend overtime protections to workers not covered by the federal standard.
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The District of Columbia provides an overtime exemption for executive, administrative, and professional employees (DC Admin. Code Tit. 7 Sec. 999).
Also excluded from coverage by the District of Columbia's overtime law are the following occupations (DC Stat. Sec. 32-1002 and DC Stat. Sec. 32-1004):
• Automotive and trailer retail sales/service personnel
• Seafarers
• Railroad employees
• Parking lot and garage attendants
• Individuals, including casual babysitters, employed in the employer's private home
• Volunteers for educational, charitable, religious, or nonprofit organizations
• Lay members elected or appointed to office within any religious organization and engaged in religious functions
• Certain car washers
• Newspaper carriers
• Companions for the aged or infirm
• Any salesman, partsman, or mechanic primarily engaged in selling or servicing automobiles, trailers, or trucks
• Any employee employed by a carrier by air who voluntarily exchanges workdays with another employee for the primary purpose of utilizing air travel benefits available to these employees
• Outside salespersons
Employers that wilfully violate the state's overtime laws may face a fine of up to $10,000. For a second offense the employer may face a fine of up to $10,000 and imprisonment of up to 6 ...

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