Ordinary travel between work and home is not compensable travel time. If an employee who regularly works at a fixed location is required to report to a location other than his or her regular worksite, the employee must be compensated for all travel time in excess of his or her ordinary travel time between home and work and shall be reimbursed for associated transportation expenses. If an employer requires an employee to report to a location other than the worksite or to report to a specified location to take transportation, compensable work time begins at the reporting time and includes subsequent travel to and from the worksite (MA Reg. Code Tit. 455 Sec. 2.03). An employee who is required or directed to travel from one place to another after the beginning of or before the close of the workday must be paid at his or her regular rate for all of the time spent traveling and must be reimbursed for all transportation expenses.
Travel that keeps an employee away from home overnight is travel away from home. Travel away from home is clearly work time when it cuts across the employee's workday. The employee is simply substituting travel for other duties. The time is not only hours worked on regular working days during normal working hours, but also during the corresponding hours on nonworking days. Thus, if an employee regularly works from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. from Monday through Friday, the travel time during these hours is work time on Saturday and Sunday as well as on the other days. Regular meal period time is not counted. Time spent in travel away from home outside of regular working hours as a passenger on an airplane, train, boat, bus, or automobile is not considered work time.