The Maine Human Rights Act prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of mental or physical disability (ME Rev. Stat. Tit. 5 Sec. 4551 et seq.). The law covers all employers in the state, including employment agencies and labor unions.
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are expressly named as disabilities under the Act.
Physical or mental disability. “Physical or mental disability” is defined as:
• A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, significantly impairs physical or mental health, or requires special education, vocational rehabilitation or related services
• Absent, artificial, or replacement limbs, hands, feet, or vital organs
• One of several disorders or diseases, including bipolar disorder, cancer, cerebral palsy, diabetes, heart disease, HIV or AIDS, lupus, major depressive disorder, and rheumatoid arthritis
• A record of any of the preceding conditions
• Being regarded as having or likely to develop any of the preceding conditions
Qualified individual with a disability. A “qualified individual with a disability” is an individual with a physical or mental disability who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of the job that the individual holds or desires.