Georgia Civil Rights laws & HR compliance analysis

Georgia Civil Rights: What you need to know

Public employers. The Georgia Fair Employment Practices Act (GA Code Sec. 45-19-20 et seq.) prohibits discrimination in public employment on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, disability, or age. The law applies to public employers with 15 or more employees and is enforced by the state Commission on Equal Opportunity. Decisions of the Commission can be appealed to the state court system.
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Georgia does not have a comprehensive antidiscrimination law. However, the following laws address various specific discrimination issues.
Age Discrimination Act. This law applies to all private employers regardless of size and prohibits discrimination in employment against people between 40 and 70 years of age (GA Code Sec. 34-1-2 et seq.). There is more on federal and state age discrimination laws.
Equal Employment for Persons with Disabilities Code. This law, which applies to employers with 15 or more employees, prohibits discrimination against employees and applicants with disabilities (GA Code Sec. 34-6A-1 et seq.). There is more on federal and state law on disabilities.
Equal Pay Act. This law, which applies to employers with 10 or more employees, prohibits employers from paying wages to employees at a rate less than the rate paid to employees of the opposite sex for equal work on jobs requiring equal skill, effort, and responsibility (GA Code Sec. 34-5-1 et seq.).
Breastfeeding. Employers with one or more employees may provide a reasonable unpaid break time each day to an employee who needs to express breast milk for her infant child. The employer may make reasonable efforts to provide a room or other location (in close proximity to the work area), other than a toilet ...

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