The Michigan Civil Rights Act (officially known as the Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act) prohibits employment practices that discriminate on the basis of religion, race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), height, weight, disability, genetic information, or marital status (MI Comp. Laws Sec. 37.2101et seq.). Employers are also prohibited from requiring an individual to submit to a genetic test or to provide genetic information as a condition of employment or promotion. The Act applies to all employers, including employment agencies and labor unions.
The Act also prohibits employers from treating individuals affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions differently from individuals who are not so affected but who are similar in their ability or inability to work. The law does not cover a medical condition related to a nontherapeutic abortion not intended to save the life of the mother.
Like federal law under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), the Michigan Civil Rights Act prohibits the employer from making any decision regarding hiring, discharge, advancement, compensation, or any other condition of employment on the basis of one of the protected characteristics. Job-related retaliation against employees who file discrimination complaints or participate in the investigation or hearing of discrimination claims is also prohibited. In addition, public works contractors are required to include clauses in their subcontracts prohibiting subcontractors from engaging in discrimination.
Bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ) exception. It is permissible to hire an individual on the basis of one of the protected ...