Alabama Discrimination laws & HR compliance analysis

Alabama Discrimination: What you need to know

Alabama does not have a comprehensive fair employment law addressing civil rights issues in private employment. However, employers with 15 or more employees may be subject to federal civil rights requirements. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) and other key federal civil rights statutes apply to employers that have the requisite number of employees or business operations affecting interstate commerce.
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Federal fair employment laws prohibit employment practices that discriminate based on age, race, color, gender, national origin, religion, and disability. The laws also prohibit employers from retaliating against employees who file discrimination complaints.
Gender stereotypes. The 11th Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that discrimination against a transgender employee because of her gender nonconformity is sex discrimination that violates the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution (Glenn v. Brumby, 663 F.3d 1312 (11th Cir. 2011)). In this case, a transgender woman, who had been hired as a man, was fired from her job with the Georgia Legislature because her supervisor considered it "inappropriate" for her to appear at work dressed as a woman. In ruling for the employee, the court noted that a person is defined as transgender "precisely because of the perception that his or her behavior transgresses gender stereotypes."
In 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that employment discrimination based on an individual’s sexual orientation or transgender status is sex discrimination that violates Title VII (Bostock v. Clayton Cty., 140 S. Ct. 1731 (2020)). The decision resolved a split that had developed between the federal circuit courts of ...

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