The Florida Civil Rights Act prohibits employment practices that discriminate based on race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, national origin, age, handicap, or marital status. The Act covers public and private employers with 15 or more employees, including employment agencies and labor unions (FL Stat. §760.01 et seq.).
Under the Act, it is unlawful to:
• Discharge or refuse to hire any individual, or to otherwise discriminate against any individual with respect to compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment, because of a protected characteristic.
• Limit, segregate, or classify employees or applicants for employment in any way that would deprive any individual of employment opportunities or adversely affect any individual's status as an employee because of a protected characteristic.
• Discriminate against any individual in admission to, or employment in, any program established to provide apprenticeship or other training.
• Print or publish any notice or advertisement relating to employment, apprenticeship, or other training indicating any preference, limitation, specification, or discrimination based on a protected characteristic.
• Discriminate against any person because that person has opposed any practice that is an unlawful employment practice under the Act or because that person has made a charge, testified, assisted, or participated in any manner in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing under the Act.
It is permissible to make employment decisions based on one of the protected categories if the characteristic is a BFOQ for the job in question. In order to be a BFOQ, a characteristic must be absolutely essential to the ...