The Vermont Fair Employment Practices Act prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex (including sexual harassment), sexual orientation, gender identity, ancestry, place of birth, age (18 years or older), crime victim status, or disability (VT Stat. Tit. 21 Sec. 495 et seq.). The Act also prohibits discrimination against any employee or prospective employee based on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive status and prohibits requiring an HIV test as a condition of employment.
Coverage. The Act covers all public and private employers in the state, including employment agencies and labor unions.
Under the Act, it is unlawful for an employer to:
• Discriminate against any individual based on a protected characteristic.
• Print, publish, or circulate any notice or advertisement for employment indicating any preference, limitation, specification, or discrimination based on one of the protected characteristics.
• Discharge or otherwise discriminate against an employee who has lodged, or is about to lodge, a discrimination complaint or cooperate with the attorney general in an investigation. It is also unlawful for an employer to discriminate based on the employer's perception that an employee is about to engage in a protected activity.
• Discriminate against or indicate a preference or limitation based on an individual's HIV-positive status.
• Request or require an applicant, prospective employee, or employee to have an HIV-related blood test as a condition of employment.
"Gender identity" defined. The Act defines “gender identity” as an individual's actual or perceived gender identity or gender-related characteristics intrinsically related to an individual's ...