Equal Pay/Comparable Worth laws & HR compliance analysis

Equal Pay/Comparable Worth: What you need to know

Two federal statutes prohibit gender-based differences in pay: the Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII).
The EPA prohibits employers from discriminating between employees who work in the same establishment by paying lower wages to an employee than it pays an employee of the opposite sex for equal work on jobs that require equal skill, effort, and responsibility that are performed under similar working conditions (29 USC Sec. 206(d)).
Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on sex. Under federal regulations, any violation of the EPA is also a violation of Title VII. However, the converse is not necessarily true because Title VII covers additional types of wage discrimination not covered under the EPA (29 CFR 1620.27).
For a Limited Time receive a FREE HR Report on the "Critical HR Recordkeeping”.  This exclusive special report covers hiring records, employment relationships, termination records, litigation issues, electronic information issues, tips for better recordkeeping, and a list of legal requirements.  Download Now
Because it is part of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the EPA has the same basic coverage of employers engaged in interstate commerce (virtually all employers). The EPA is different from the FLSA in that it covers employees who are exempt from the FLSA's overtime and minimum wage provisions (e.g., executive, administrative, and professional employees).
With a few limited exceptions, the EPA also covers federal, state, and municipal employers; nonprofit organizations; and religious entities. The EPA specifically prohibits labor unions from attempting to cause any employer to engage in sex-based pay discrimination. The EPA applies to both male and female employees but does not apply to nonemployees, such as partners and independent contractors.
“Wages” refers to all forms of compensation for employment, whether paid periodically or deferred until a later date, including salaries, ...

Read more about Equal Pay/Comparable Worth