Minnesota Maternity and Pregnancy laws & HR compliance analysis

Minnesota Maternity and Pregnancy: What you need to know

The Minnesota Human Rights Act prohibits employment practices that discriminate on the basis of sex, including pregnancy, childbirth, and disabilities related to pregnancy or childbirth. (MN Stat. Sec. 363A.03 et seq).
This means that employers must treat pregnancy-related conditions in the same manner as they treat employees with temporary disabilities for all employment-related purposes.
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The Minnesota Pregnancy and Parental Leave Act (MN Stat. Sec. 181.941) requires covered employers to provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for the birth or adoption of a child or to female employees for prenatal care, pregnancy, childbirth, or related health conditions.
Covered employers. Employers with 21 or more employees at any one site are covered by the law(MN Stat. Sec. 181.940 et seq.).
Eligible employees. An employee is eligible for leave under the Act if he or she performs services for hire for the employer for at least 12 months preceding the request.
The employee must also perform services for hire for the employer for an average number of hours per week equal to one-half the full-time equivalent position in the employee’s job classification as defined by the employer’s personnel policies or practices or pursuant to the provisions of a collective bargaining agreement during the 12-month period immediately preceding the leave.
Independent contractors are not covered by the Act.
Leave entitlement. The length of the leave is determined by the employee, but may not exceed 12 weeks, unless agreed to by the employer.
The length of leave may be reduced by any period of paid parental, disability, personal, medical, or sick leave, or accrued vacation ...

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