The Arizona Civil Rights Act prohibits employment practices that discriminate based on race, color, religion, sex, age (40 years and over), mental or physical disability, national origin, or genetic test results (Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 41-1401 et seq.). The act also prohibits employment discrimination based on an applicant's association with an individual with a disability. Employers should avoid asking questions about any of these characteristics, either on an application form or in a job interview unless based on a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ). Inquiries should be limited to those needed to determine the applicant's ability to perform the particular job. The act covers employers with 15 or more employees.
BFOQ exception. An employer may make an employment inquiry about an applicant's age, religion, sex, or national origin only if it is reasonably necessary to the normal operation of the employer's business and there is no less intrusive way to ensure that the applicant will be able to perform the essential functions of the job in question. Arizona's civil rights law does not provide a BFOQ exception for race or color.
Disabilities. Employers are prohibited from asking any questions or conducting a medical examination of either applicants or employees in order to discover whether the individual has a disability or the nature or severity of the disability (Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 41-1466).
Criminal history. Under an Executive Order signed by the governor, state agencies are prohibited from inquiring about an applicant’s criminal history until after an initial interview (E.O. 2017-07).
Several counties and cities in Arizona prohibit local government employers from inquiring about an applicant’s ...