District of Columbia Sex Discrimination laws & HR compliance analysis

District of Columbia Sex Discrimination: What you need to know

The District of Columbia Human Rights Act prohibits discrimination in employment based on sex, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, personal appearance, or family responsibilities (DC Code Sec. 2-1401 et seq.). The Act applies to all employers in the District.
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Marital status. Employment-related distinctions based on marital status that are not applied equally to male and female employees are prohibited. "Marital status" means the state of being married, in a domestic partnership, single, divorced, separated, or widowed, and the usual conditions associated with that status, including pregnancy or parenthood.
Sexual orientation. Employers are prohibited from discriminating in employment on the basis of "sexual orientation," which is defined as male or female homosexuality, heterosexuality, and bisexuality, by preference or practice.
Gender identity. Employers are prohibited from discriminating against applicants and employees based on their gender identity or expression. "Gender identity or expression" means a gender-related identity, appearance, expression, or behavior of an individual, regardless of the individual's assigned sex at birth.
Family responsibilities. It is unlawful under District of Columbia law to discriminate in employment on the basis of an individual's status as a contributor or potential contributor to the support of other persons in a dependent relationship.
Personal appearance. “Personal appearance” means the outward appearance of any person, without regard to sex, but does not refer to cleanliness, uniforms, or prescribed standards.
Gender stereotyping. A federal court in the District has ruled that federal law under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act ...

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