North Carolina Sex Discrimination laws & HR compliance analysis

North Carolina Sex Discrimination: What you need to know

Under the North Carolina Equal Employment Practices Act, it is the public policy of the state to protect and safeguard the right of all persons to seek, obtain, and hold employment without discrimination based on sex (NC Gen. Stat. Sec. 143-422.2 ). The Act applies to employers with 15 or more employees.
Public employees. State law requires state government employers to provide equal opportunity in employment and compensation to all qualified individuals without regard to sex (NC Gen. Stat. Sec. 126-16). An Executive Order (EO) prohibits discrimination, harassment, or retaliation in state government employment based on sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity (EO 93 (4/12/16)).
For a Limited Time receive a FREE HR Report on the "Critical HR Recordkeeping”.  This exclusive special report covers hiring records, employment relationships, termination records, litigation issues, electronic information issues, tips for better recordkeeping, and a list of legal requirements.  Download Now
Bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ) exception. Generally, an employer is permitted to make an employment decision based on a protected characteristic if the characteristic is a BFOQ for the position in question. For example, being female is a BFOQ for modeling women's clothing. Such situations are extremely rare, however, and employers should be cautious about using such grounds when making employment decisions.
Employment practices that discriminate on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions may constitute sex discrimination under the Equal Employment Practices Act.
The Act allows a private right of action for wrongful discharge in violation of the public policy expressed in the North Carolina Equal Employment Practices Act (NC Gen. Stat. Sec. 1-54). Claims must be brought within 1 year. Employers covered by the state law (those with 15 or more employees) also are subject to federal fair employment laws such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and ...

Read more about Sex Discrimination