Virginia Sexual Harassment laws & HR compliance analysis

Virginia Sexual Harassment: What you need to know

The Virginia Human Rights Act (VHRA) prohibits employment practices that discriminate on the basis of sex, pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions (VA Stat. Sec. 2.2-3900et seq.). Sexual harassment is generally considered discrimination on the basis of sex.
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Fairfax County and the city of Alexandria have their own local antidiscrimination ordinances covering employers with four or more employees. For more information, contact Fairfax County at or the city of Alexandria at
An Executive Order issued by the governor (E.O. No. 1 (2014)) prohibits employment discrimination in state government based on race, sex, color, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, political affiliation, or disability. State employees that violate the policy are subject to disciplinary action. An Executive Order may be issued or revoked at the discretion of the governor.
Every contractor or subcontractor that holds a contract for over $10,000 with the state of Virginia is prohibited by the Fair Employment Contracting Act from discriminating on the basis of sex, including sexual harassment (VA Code Sec. 2.2-4310et seq.).
State law does not require training regarding an employer's policy on sexual harassment. However, training supervisors and employees regarding the employer's policy is strongly recommended. Training enables supervisors to properly address sexual harassment complaints, educates the workforce on issues of sexual harassment and the prevention of potentially harassing situations, establishes the employer's policies, and provides the basis for an effective defense to sexual harassment ...

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