Virginia Sexual Harassment laws & HR compliance analysis

Virginia Sexual Harassment: What you need to know

The Virginia Human Rights Act (VHRA) prohibits employment practices that discriminate on the basis of sex, pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions, sexual orientation, or gender identity (VA Stat. Sec. 2.2-3900 et seq.). Sexual harassment is generally considered discrimination on the basis of sex.
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Fairfax County and the city of Alexandria have their own local antidiscrimination ordinances covering employers with four or more employees. For more information, contact Fairfax County at https://www.fairfaxcounty.gov or the city of Alexandria at https://alexandriava.gov.
Effective July 1, 2020, public employers are prohibited from employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex, pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions, age (40 years or older), marital status, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, or status as a veteran. Employment decisions based on age or sex are permitted if age or sex is a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ) for employment. Public employers may provide a preference in employment to veterans.
Every contractor or subcontractor that holds a contract for over $10,000 with the state of Virginia is prohibited by the Fair Employment Contracting Act from discriminating on the basis of sex, including sexual harassment (VA Code Sec. 2.2-4310 et seq.).
State law does not require training regarding an employer's policy on sexual harassment. However, training supervisors and employees regarding the employer's policy is strongly recommended. Training enables supervisors to properly address sexual harassment complaints, educates the workforce on issues of sexual harassment and the ...

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