Federal rules require employers to develop emergency action plans and fire response procedures that address situations likely to occur in a workplace. These plans should include facility-specific instructions and maps.
Neglected repairs, lax maintenance, and poor housekeeping create safety and health problems, productivity losses, and liability. To reduce such possibilities, experts recommend an in-depth audit of the facility by a loss-control specialist, often offered by workers' compensation insurers. Also, periodic self-inspections can discover and eliminate adverse situations.
Unless a state has enacted an OSHA-approved occupational safety and health act of its own (a “state plan” state), the federal OSH Act preempts any other state workplace health and safety laws.
In the majority of states, workplace facilities are governed by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act), which applies to all private-sector employers and is administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
OSHA's General Duty Clause (OSHA Sec. 5(A)(1)) requires all employers to provide a safe and healthful workplace through proper sanitation and housekeeping practices, such as keeping floors and restrooms clean and dry and removing refuse. The clause is used as a catchall by OSHA for violations for which there are no specific standards.
Hand washing facilities. Employers must provide hand-washing facilities that are readily accessible. Hot and cold water, soap, and towels or air blowers are to be provided for all washbasins. When this is not feasible, the employer must provide either an antiseptic hand cleanser along with paper towels or ...