Unless a state has its own occupational safety and health law, approved by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), workplace facilities are regulated principally by OSHA, under the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act. Since Colorado does not have its own federally approved program, the OSH Act applies and mandates the design, operation, conditions, and maintenance of workplace facilities.
Employer's “general duty." Part of the OSH Act is the “general duty” provision, requiring employers to provide a workplace that is free from recognized hazards that are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees and to do everything else that is reasonably necessary to protect the lives, health, and safety of employees. To the extent that the OSH Act contains loopholes, this law is intended to fill them.
A comprehensive discussion of federal safety and health workplace standards is available.