Iowa Privacy laws & HR compliance analysis

Iowa Privacy: What you need to know

Iowa recognizes all four common law invasion of privacy claims:
• Intrusion upon solitude or seclusion;
• Public disclosure of private facts (e.g., unreasonable publicity given to one's private life);
• False-light privacy (e.g., publicity that normally places the other in a false light before the public); and
• Appropriation of one's name or likeness (Stessman v. American Black Hawk Broadcasting Co., 416 N.W.2d 685 (Iowa 1987)).
There is more information available on these common law rights of privacy.
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Iowa law prohibits willfully intercepting, trying to intercept, or having another person intercept a wire, oral, or electronic communication. The law also prohibits the disclosure or use of the contents of the communication. The law allows interception under certain circumstances, including interception in the ordinary course of business and interception by a party to the communication or when one of the parties has given prior consent. This provision applies to telephone and e-mail communications. Violation of the law is a Class D felony (IA Code Sec. 808B.1 et seq.).
Any person, having no right or authority to do so, who taps into or connects a listening or recording device to any telephone or other communication wire or who by any electronic or mechanical means listens to, records, or otherwise intercepts a conversation or communication of any kind, commits a serious misdemeanor. This section does not apply to any of the following:
• The recording by a sender or recipient of a message or one who is openly present and participating in or listening to a communication from recording such message or communication;
• The use of any radio or television receiver to receive any ...

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