Iowa Privacy laws & HR compliance analysis

Iowa Privacy: What you need to know

Iowa recognizes all four common law invasion of privacy claims:
• Intrusion upon solitude or seclusion;
• Public disclosure of private facts (e.g., unreasonable publicity given to one's private life);
• False light privacy (e.g., publicity that normally places the other in a false light before the public); and
• Appropriation of one's name or likeness (Stessman v. American Black Hawk Broadcasting Co.,416 N.W.2d 685 (Iowa 1987)).
An employer that secretly installed a surveillance camera in an office restroom could be liable for invasion of privacy by intrusion, the Iowa Supreme Court ruled, even though the equipment apparently failed to work. The harm from an intrusion arises when the plaintiff reasonably believes her privacy has been invaded, the court found (Koeppel v. Speirs, 808 N.W.2d 177 (Iowa 2011)).
There is more information available on these common law rights of privacy.
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Iowa law prohibits willfully intercepting, trying to intercept, or having another person intercept a wire, oral, or electronic communication. The law also prohibits the disclosure or use of the contents of the communication. The law allows interception under certain circumstances, including interception in the ordinary course of business and interception by a party to the communication or when one of the parties has given prior consent. This provision applies to telephone and e-mail communications. Violation of the law is a Class D felony (IA Stat. Sec. 808B.1 et seq.).
Identity theft occurs if a person fraudulently uses or attempts to fraudulently use identification information of another person, with the intent to obtain credit, property, services, or any other benefit. Beginning July 1, 2016, if the ...

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