Iowa recognizes all four common law invasion of privacy claims:
• Intrusion upon solitude or seclusion;
• Public disclosure of private facts (e.g., unreasonable publicity given to one's private life);
• False light privacy (e.g., publicity that normally places the other in a false light before the public); and
• Appropriation of one's name or likeness (Stessman v. American Black Hawk Broadcasting Co.,416 N.W.2d 685 (Iowa 1987)).
An employer that secretly installed a surveillance camera in an office restroom could be liable for invasion of privacy by intrusion, the Iowa Supreme Court ruled, even though the equipment apparently failed to work. The harm from an intrusion arises when the plaintiff reasonably believes her privacy has been invaded, the court found (Koeppel v. Speirs, 808 N.W.2d 177 (Iowa 2011)).
There is more information available on these common law rights of privacy.