Vermont Privacy laws & HR compliance analysis

Vermont Privacy: What you need to know

Common law. Vermont recognizes the legal claim of invasion of privacy. Invasion of privacy means interference with a person's solitude, seclusion, or private affairs that would be highly offensive to a reasonable person (Hodgdon v. Mt. Mansfield Co., Inc., 624 A.2d 1122 (Vt. 1992)). The Vermont Supreme Court has also acknowledged invasion of privacy based on publicity (Lemnah v. Am. Breeders Serv., Inc., 482 A.2d 700 (Vt. 1984)). Vermont also recognizes the right to sue for appropriation of a person's identity for commercial purposes (Staruski v. Continental Telephone Co., 581 A.2d 266 (Vt. 1990)).
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Social Security numbers (SSNs). Vermont's Social Security Number Protection Act prohibits businesses from:
• Intentionally communicating or making available to the general public an individual's SSN;
• Intentionally printing or imbuing an individual's SSN on any card required for the individual to access services or products provided by the business;
• Requiring an individual to transmit his or her SSN over the Internet unless the connection is secure or the SSN is encrypted;
• Requiring an individual to use his or her SSN to access an Internet website, unless a password, personal identification number, or other authentication device is also required;
• Printing an individual's SSN on any materials that are mailed to the individual unless authorized by law; or
• Selling, leasing, lending, trading, renting, or otherwise intentionally disclosing an individual's SSN to a third party without written consent when the person disclosing the SSN reasonably should know that the third person does not have a legitimate need for the information (Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 9, § 2440).
The Act does not ...

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