The Emergency Health Powers Act (EHPA), part of the South Carolina Homeland Security Act, gives the state expanded powers during a public health emergency such as pandemic influenza or contamination from a biological terrorist act (SC Code Sec. 44-4-530).
When the governor declares a public health emergency, the state's powers include:
• Expanded investigatory powers regarding suspicious or unusual events
• Evacuation and/or closure of any facility if public health is endangered
• Disposition of property as necessary to prevent the spread of disease
• Destruction of property as necessary after court proceedings
• Extension or adjustment of workers' compensation
Quarantine. During a public health emergency, The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control may quarantine or isolate individuals or groups and/or close premises and limit travel to prevent the spread of disease. State and local police, sheriffs, and constables can enforce the orders. Those who do not comply with the quarantine can be fined and imprisoned.