Maryland Fire Drills laws & HR compliance analysis

Maryland Fire Drills: What you need to know

Maryland has no specific regulation requiring private employers to conduct fire drills, with the exception of schools and residential healthcare facilities.
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The federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) standards, adopted by Maryland's own Occupational Safety and Health Act, require companies with 10 or more employees to have written fire prevention and emergency exit plans for each workplace. To ensure that the exit plan will work in an actual emergency, it is advisable to rehearse regularly with annual or semiannual drills. Employers with fewer than 10 employees may communicate the plans orally.
The Office of the State Fire Marshal, part of the Maryland State Police, inspects buildings for fire safety problems and enforces state regulations regarding installation and maintenance of fire detection equipment. For more information, go to
The state fire marshal's office develops quarterly fire drill and evacuation procedures for state buildings. These procedures are available to all state employees upon request (MD Fire Code Sec. 6-304(d)).
Routes from District of Columbia. The District has evacuation information at evacuation route locator available at; click on "evacuation" for information on evacuation by public transit. Maryland residents who work in the District can also get emergency alerts sent to their personal electronic devices by signing up for Alert DC at
Emergency evacuation routes. The Maryland Department of Transportation maintains a comprehensive Emergency Travel Information website at

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