Montana Fire Drills laws & HR compliance analysis

Montana Fire Drills: What you need to know

Montana has no specific law or regulation requiring employers to conduct fire drills.
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Schools. Schools must conduct at least eight disaster drills each year; four must be fire exit drills. Records of the drills must be kept (MT Code Sec. 20-1-402).
Licensed group and family daycare homes. A minimum of eight fire drills must be held each year, at least 1 month apart. Records of the drills must be kept. There must be a smoke detector on each floor, and batteries must be tested monthly. No portable electrical or unvented fuel heaters may be used (MT Admin. Rule Sec. 51.95.706).
Residential healthcare facilities. Residential healthcare and assisted-living facilities are required to have fire drills/evacuation drills for employees and residents at least twice annually. Records must be kept, including a list of residents who need help evacuating the facility (MT Admin. Rule Sec. 37.106.2866).
The federal standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act), which governs Montana's occupational safety and health system, require that companies with 10 or more employees have written fire prevention and emergency exit plans in place for each worksite. Employers with fewer than 10 employees may communicate the plans orally.
There is a detailed discussion of federal OSHA Act emergency and fire requirements. Also check local fire safety codes, which may contain additional requirements.

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