In addition to standards that govern first-aid procedures in the workplace, OSHA sets strict guidelines for the handling of human blood (to prevent the spread of disease via bloodborne pathogens). In general, employers would be wise to treat all human blood as contagious. The OSHA standard requires employers of any employees with a “reasonably anticipated” risk of exposure to blood to develop a written plan to control exposure, detailing training and other precautionary procedures, engineering and work practice controls, steps to take in case of an emergency, and first-aid procedures. Employers must provide adequate hand-washing facilities and require individuals in the workplace to wash hands or other body parts immediately after skin has come in contact with blood. Employers must also provide antiseptic cleansers and clean towels and must require individuals to remove garments if they are penetrated and to clean blood spills immediately (29 CFR 1910.1030).
Hospitals and other healthcare facilities must identify and provide safer systems for needle devices and maintain sharps injury logs.