The federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) requires every employer to ensure the “ready availability of medical personnel for advice and consultation” (29 CFR 1910.151, 29 CFR 1926.50)). OSHA advises employers to consult with local fire/rescue departments, medical professionals, and emergency rooms for assistance in ensuring an appropriate response to medical emergencies. In-house or resident professional medical care is not required. Employers themselves must make medical care planning decisions, taking into account the size of the workplace, the kinds of hazards present in the workplace, the history of accidents and harm there, and the costs of the various options.
OSHA's construction standards (29 CFR 1926.51) require contractors at all worksites to provide:
· Proper equipment for prompt transportation of an injured person to a physician or hospital, or a communication system for contacting necessary ambulance services
· In areas where 911 is not available, conspicuously posted telephone numbers of physicians, hospitals, or ambulances
Employers must provide current and former employees or their designated representatives and OSHA with access to employee exposure and medical records related to employees exposed to toxic substances or harmful physical agents (29 CFR 1910.1020).
Designated employee representative. Designated employee representatives include any individual or organization to which an employee has given written authorization to exercise a right of access. The representatives may access employee medical or exposure records and analyses created from those records only in very specific circumstances. A recognized or certified ...