There are no state laws requiring employers to have a clinic at the worksite or to keep a doctor or nurse on call to treat workplace injuries. However, the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act), which governs Arkansas workplace safety and health, requires every employer to ensure that medical personnel are readily available for advice and consultation and that when an infirmary, clinic, or hospital is not within close proximity to the work-place, there is an individual (or individuals) who is adequately trained to administer first aid. Employers are responsible for making decisions about the details of emergency medical care in their workplaces, depending upon the size of the workplace, the kinds of hazards present, the history of accidents, and the costs of various options (29 CFR 1910.151).
According to the OSH Act, if any employee is exposed to harmful chemicals or materials in concentrations or at levels exceeding that prescribed by an applicable occupational safety and health standard, the employer must promptly notify the employee and must make available and pay for medical examinations or other tests for the affected employee (29 USC 655; 29 CFR 1910.1200, Subpart Z).
Also, there may be substance-specific measures beyond routine first aid that are recommended to counteract the effects of exposure. These specific requirements can be found on the material safety data sheets that employers are required to keep on file to satisfy federal hazard communication standards, commonly referred to as “right-to-know” laws.
An Effective workplace medical program
A good medical program at the workplace must include a prompt, convenient method for ...