Alabama OSHA laws & HR compliance analysis

Alabama OSHA: What you need to know

The federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) (29 USC 651 to 678) is “preemptive”; that is, it overrides state laws and regulations in the areas that it covers. It covers virtually all areas of workplace health and safety in private sector workplaces. Under the OSH Act, individual states may devise and administer their own laws and regulations, but only with federal approval, and only if the applicable state requirements are as strict as the corresponding federal standards. Because Alabama has not adopted such a regulatory program, the federal law governs workplace health and safety requirements in private sector workplaces. No state law governs workplace safety for public sector employers (state and municipal agencies, schools, and commissions). There is a detailed discussion of the federal standards.
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Any employer subject to workers' compensation rules must establish a safety committee upon the written request of any employee. There is more information.
OSHA, through the University of Alabama, funds a service that provides free, confidential safety and health program assistance to private employers, especially those in smaller businesses (fewer than 250 employees per facility and 500 worldwide). Public sector employers may apply for assistance on a contingency basis. The service, called Safe State, helps employers identify workplace safety and health hazards, provides advice on how to reduce or eliminate those hazards, and assesses facility safety and health programs. Experienced and professional safety, industrial hygiene, and ergonomics consultants provide a confidential, comprehensive written report containing their ...

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