Illinois OSHA laws & HR compliance analysis

Illinois OSHA: What you need to know

The federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) is “preemptive”; that is, it overrides state laws and regulations in the areas that it covers. Since this amounts to virtually all areas of workplace health and safety in the private sector, it supplants most state work safety requirements. Under the OSH Act, individual states may devise and administer their own laws and regulations, but only with federal approval, and only if the applicable state requirements are as stringent as the corresponding federal standards.
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Illinois has not adopted workplace safety and health rules for private sector workplaces, so the federal law governs workplace health and safety requirements in those workplaces.
Illinois has adopted its own Health and Safety Act (820 ILCS Sec. 225/.01et seq.), which governs workplace safety for public sector employers (state and municipal agencies, schools, commissions, etc.). Federal OSHA has formally approved the state's Health and Safety Act for public sector employers (state and municipal agencies, schools, and commissions), which follows the federal workplace safety and health requirements by reference. The Health and Safety Act is administered and enforced by the state Department of Labor.
The Illinois Onsite Consultation Program provides free, confidential safety and health program assistance to private employers, especially those in smaller businesses (under 250 employees per facility and 500 worldwide). The service helps employers identify workplace safety and health hazards, provides advice on how to reduce or eliminate those hazards, and assesses facility safety and health programs. A consultative survey is conducted by ...

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