Maryland OSHA laws & HR compliance analysis

Maryland OSHA: What you need to know

Under the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act), individual states may devise and administer their own standards, but only with federal approval and only if the applicable state requirements are as stringent as the corresponding federal standards.
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Maryland is a “state-plan” state, which means that it has received federal approval for its state plan, known as the Maryland Occupational Safety and Health (MOSH) Act (MD Code Lab. and Empl. Sec. 5-101et seq.; MD Admin. Rules Sec. 09.12.20 to Sec. 09.12.91). Maryland adopted the federal safety and health standards by reference and added several state-specific requirements that are stricter than federal requirements for confined spaces, hazard communication, material handling, and powered equipment. There is more information about state hazard communication requirements.
The Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation's Division of Labor and Industry administers the Maryland law. The state plan governs workplace safety and health in both private and public sector (state and local government agencies, schools, etc.) workplaces.
Power equipment. Employers must develop an employee safety training program for safe operation of power equipment, including limitations and use, rated load capacities, and special hazards, or adopt and carry out the recommended model training program developed by the Commissioner of Labor (MD Code Lab. and Empl. Sec. 5-505).
Confined spaces. Employers may not allow any workers to perform maintenance in a confined space (includes basins, bins, degreasers, ducts, pipelines, pits, process or reaction vessels, sewers, silos, tanks, tubs, tunnels, and vats) unless the ...

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