Ohio OSHA laws & HR compliance analysis

Ohio OSHA: What you need to know

The federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) is "preemptive"; that is, it overrides state safety and health laws and regulations for the private sector. If an individual state wishes to enact its own work safety laws for private sector employees, it must have federal approval, and its state plan must be at least as stringent as the federal act. Ohio does not have an approved occupational safety and health plan; therefore, in the private sector workplace, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) prevails and governs health and safety.
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Ohio's Public Employment Risk Reduction Program (PERRP) mandates a safe workplace, free of hazards that might cause physical harm to employees. Administered by the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation/Division of Safety and Hygiene, its standards govern public sector workplaces (e.g., municipal and state agencies, school systems) (OH Rev. Code Sec. 4167-1-01et seq.).
Employee rights.. Employees have the right to refuse to work under conditions reasonably believed to cause imminent danger of death or serious harm, provided that they are not normal conditions or those that might reasonably be expected to occur in the employee's job. Temporary emergency standards may be promulgated in the event of an emergency or unusual situation (for example, if public employees face grave danger from exposure to toxic substances).
Chemical exposure monitoring. Public sector employers must allow an employee or public employee representative to monitor or measure occupational exposure to air contaminants.
Injury and illness recordkeeping. Public sector employers must use the state's injury and illness recordkeeping log (PERRP 300P) ...

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