Virginia OSHA laws & HR compliance analysis

Virginia OSHA: What you need to know

The federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) is “preemptive”; that is, it overrides state laws and regulations in the areas that it covers. Since this amounts to virtually all areas of workplace health and safety in the private sector, the OSH Act supplants most state work safety requirements. Under the OSH Act, individual states may devise and administer their own laws and regulations, but only with federal approval, and only if the applicable state requirements are at least as stringent as the corresponding federal standards.
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Virginia is a “state-plan” state, which means it has its own OSH regulatory program, the Virginia Occupational Safety and Health (VOSH) Act (VA Code Sec. 40.1-49.3et seq.; VA Admin. Code Tit. 16 Sec. 25-11et seq.) that has received federal approval. The state standards govern workplace safety in the private and public sectors and follow federal standards for general industry workplaces.
Virginia's workplace safety and health rules are administered by the Department of Labor and Industry (DOLI).
The state workplace safety and health rules cover private and public sector employers. A "private sector employer" is any person or entity engaged in business who has employees, including a nonprofit organization. A "public sector employer" means the Commonwealth of Virginia, including its agencies, authorities, or instrumentalities, or any political subdivision or public body such as a municipality or school district.
Posting and reporting. Every employer must post a notice, including the job safety and health protection poster available from DOLI, in a conspicuous place, informing employees of ...

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