Private employers. Many states have laws that regulate or prohibit drug testing in the private sector, but Kentucky does not have such a law. Therefore, Kentucky employers are free to implement testing policies at their own discretion. There are details on implementing a drug testing program.
Public employees. The state does have a policy that covers the Kentucky State Police Department. That policy subjects uniformed officers hired since 1984 to testing on a reasonable-suspicion basis and before a promotion or transfer, and it subjects civilian employees hired after January 1991 to random testing with names selected by computer.
Any employer that is also a licensee of a coal mine that has implemented a drug-free workplace program, including an employee assistance program, certified by the Office of Mine Safety and Licensing is eligible to obtain a credit on the licensee's premium for workers' compensation insurance. The requirements of such drug-free workplace programs, testing procedures, and other program requirements are defined by state law.